May 29, 2024

Do you enjoy playing strategy games like chess, poker, or Age of Empires? Many people do, and they often play these games for hours on end. But what impact do these games have on our brains? Can they actually improve our cognitive abilities? In this article, we’ll explore the question of whether strategy games are good for the brain and whether they can enhance our mental faculties. So, put on your thinking cap and get ready to discover the benefits of strategic gaming!

Quick Answer:
Yes, strategy games have been shown to improve brain function. These games require players to think critically and make strategic decisions, which can improve cognitive skills such as problem-solving, decision-making, and planning. Additionally, playing strategy games has been linked to improvements in memory, attention, and spatial reasoning. However, it’s important to note that the benefits of playing strategy games may vary depending on the individual and the specific game being played. Some studies have also suggested that excessive gaming can have negative effects on brain function, so it’s important to maintain a healthy balance between gaming and other activities.

What are Strategy Games?

Types of Strategy Games

Strategy games are a specific category of video games that require players to use critical thinking, problem-solving, and decision-making skills to achieve a goal or objective. These games often involve elements of planning, resource management, and strategic execution. The genre of strategy games is diverse and encompasses a wide range of gameplay styles and mechanics.

Some of the most popular types of strategy games include:

  • Real-time strategy (RTS) games: In RTS games, players must manage resources, build bases, and command armies in real-time battle scenarios. Examples include Warcraft III and Starcraft II.
  • Turn-based strategy (TBS) games: In TBS games, players take turns making moves and executing strategies, often with a focus on exploration, diplomacy, and economic management. Examples include Civilization VI and XCOM 2.
  • Tower defense games: In tower defense games, players must strategically place towers and other defensive structures to protect against waves of enemy units. Examples include Plants vs. Zombies and Defense Grid 2.
  • Base-building games: In base-building games, players must construct and manage a base while gathering resources, defending against enemies, and completing objectives. Examples include Don’t Starve and RimWorld.
  • Puzzle strategy games: In puzzle strategy games, players must use strategic thinking to solve puzzles and overcome challenges. Examples include The Witness and Portal 2.
  • Card strategy games: In card strategy games, players must use a deck of cards to make strategic decisions and defeat opponents. Examples include Hearthstone and Magic: The Gathering.

These are just a few examples of the many types of strategy games available. Whether it’s building and managing a base, commanding armies, or solving puzzles, strategy games offer a unique and engaging challenge for players looking to improve their critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

Examples of Strategy Games

There are a wide variety of strategy games that exist, each with their own unique mechanics and gameplay styles. Some examples of popular strategy games include:

  • Turn-based strategy games: These games involve players taking turns making moves and decisions, with the goal of outmaneuvering their opponents. Examples include Age of Empires and Starcraft.
  • Real-time strategy games: These games take place in real-time, with players making decisions and issuing commands simultaneously. Examples include Warcraft III and Rise of Nations.
  • Tower defense games: In these games, players must strategically place towers and other defenses to prevent enemies from reaching their destination. Examples include Plants vs. Zombies and Fieldrunners.
  • Simulation games: These games simulate real-world scenarios, often involving resource management and strategic decision-making. Examples include Civilization and SimCity.
  • Puzzle games: While not typically thought of as strategy games, some puzzle games require players to think several steps ahead and make strategic decisions in order to progress. Examples include Chess and Tetris.

Each of these types of strategy games can provide unique benefits and challenges for players, and can potentially improve different aspects of brain function.

How do Strategy Games Affect the Brain?

Key takeaway: Strategy games can improve various cognitive functions, including attention, memory, problem-solving, multitasking, and decision-making. While playing strategy games can have potential drawbacks such as addiction and social isolation, these risks can be mitigated by balancing gameplay with other activities and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Overall, strategy games can provide cognitive benefits that can be applied to real-life skills in areas such as military applications, business and leadership, and education and learning.


Neuroplasticity is the brain’s ability to change and adapt in response to new experiences. This process is crucial for learning and memory formation, and it plays a significant role in how the brain responds to strategy games.

When we play strategy games, our brains are required to make decisions, solve problems, and think critically. These cognitive processes lead to the formation of new neural connections, which can enhance our brain function over time.

Research has shown that playing strategy games can increase gray matter volume in the brain, particularly in areas associated with memory, decision-making, and spatial navigation. This increase in gray matter volume is believed to be due to the formation of new neural connections in these areas, which can lead to improved cognitive function.

In addition to increasing gray matter volume, strategy games have also been shown to improve working memory, attention, and visual-spatial reasoning. These improvements are thought to be the result of the brain’s neuroplasticity, as the brain adapts and changes in response to the demands of the game.

Overall, the evidence suggests that playing strategy games can have a positive impact on brain function, particularly in areas related to cognitive processing and memory. By engaging in these activities, we may be able to improve our brain function and enhance our overall cognitive abilities.

Cognitive Functions

Attention and Focus

One of the cognitive functions that are improved through playing strategy games is attention and focus. These games often require players to concentrate on multiple tasks simultaneously, such as managing resources, building structures, and defending against enemy attacks. This can help improve the player’s ability to multitask and pay attention to multiple stimuli at once.


Strategy games also enhance problem-solving skills by presenting players with various challenges and obstacles that need to be overcome. Players must analyze situations, make decisions, and implement strategies to achieve their goals. This can help improve the player’s ability to think critically and creatively.

Spatial Reasoning

Some strategy games, such as those involving puzzles or construction, require players to use spatial reasoning skills. This involves visualizing objects in three dimensions and understanding how they relate to one another. Playing these types of games can help improve spatial reasoning abilities, which can be beneficial in a variety of real-world situations.


Finally, strategy games can also improve memory function. Many games require players to remember patterns, strategies, and game mechanics, which can help improve short-term and long-term memory. Additionally, some games may include elements that require players to memorize large amounts of information, such as maps or resource distribution, which can further enhance memory function.

Memory and Attention

Studies have shown that playing strategy games can improve memory and attention in several ways.

  • Working Memory: Strategy games require players to hold and manipulate information in their working memory, which is the part of the brain responsible for temporarily storing and manipulating information. Playing strategy games can help improve working memory by increasing the capacity and speed of information processing.
  • Attention: Strategy games also require players to focus their attention on multiple tasks at once, such as managing resources, coordinating units, and anticipating enemy moves. This constant demand for attention can improve overall attentional control and reduce distractions.
  • Multi-tasking: Strategy games often involve multi-tasking, requiring players to switch between different tasks and prioritize actions. This type of cognitive load can improve executive function, which is the ability to plan, organize, and execute tasks.
  • Problem-solving: Strategy games often require players to solve complex problems, such as optimizing resource allocation or planning a successful attack. These problem-solving skills can improve cognitive flexibility and creativity.

Overall, playing strategy games can have a positive impact on memory and attention, leading to improved cognitive function and overall brain health.

Benefits of Playing Strategy Games

Problem-Solving Skills

  • Strategy games are designed to challenge players to think critically and creatively, and to make strategic decisions that will help them achieve their goals.
  • Playing these games can help improve problem-solving skills by forcing players to consider multiple options and potential outcomes, and to make decisions quickly and effectively.
  • Some studies have shown that playing strategy games can improve cognitive flexibility, which is the ability to think flexibly and adapt to changing situations.
  • This can lead to improved performance in real-life problem-solving tasks, such as decision-making and planning.
  • Strategy games can also help improve spatial reasoning skills, which are important for many careers, including engineering and architecture.
  • Additionally, strategy games can improve multitasking abilities, as players must often juggle multiple tasks and priorities at once.
  • Overall, playing strategy games can be a fun and effective way to improve problem-solving skills and enhance cognitive abilities.

Decision-Making Abilities

  • Improved cognitive control: Strategy games have been shown to enhance cognitive control, which is the ability to direct attention and regulate actions towards a specific goal.
    • Multi-tasking: These games require players to switch between multiple tasks, which improves the ability to multi-task and prioritize tasks effectively.
    • Goal-oriented thinking: Players must set and pursue goals within the game, which can improve goal-oriented thinking and decision-making in real-life situations.
  • Risk assessment and mitigation: Strategy games often involve evaluating risks and making decisions based on uncertain information. This can improve the ability to assess risks and make informed decisions in real-life situations.
    • Uncertainty and ambiguity: Games that involve uncertain or ambiguous information can improve the ability to cope with uncertainty in real-life situations.
    • Strategic thinking: Games that require strategic thinking, such as chess or Go, can improve the ability to think strategically and plan for contingencies.
  • Problem-solving skills: Strategy games can improve problem-solving skills by providing opportunities to learn from mistakes and adapt to changing circumstances.
    • Iterative learning: Games that allow players to learn from their mistakes and refine their strategies can improve the ability to learn from experience and adapt to new situations.
    • Adaptability: Games that require players to adapt to changing circumstances, such as real-time strategy games, can improve the ability to think flexibly and adapt to new situations.


While engaging in strategy games, players are often required to manage multiple tasks simultaneously. This includes assessing the situation, making decisions, and executing plans all at once. Research has shown that this type of multi-tasking can have a positive impact on brain function.

  • Improved Attention and Focus: Strategy games require players to focus on various aspects of the game, such as resources, units, and opponents. This constant switching of attention can help improve overall attention and focus in daily life.
  • Enhanced Cognitive Control: Strategy games involve managing multiple tasks and making decisions based on various factors. This type of cognitive control can help players better manage their time and prioritize tasks in real-life situations.
  • Increased Working Memory: Strategy games require players to remember and track various pieces of information, such as unit positions and resource levels. This type of mental activity can help improve working memory, which is responsible for temporarily storing and manipulating information.

Overall, playing strategy games can lead to improved multi-tasking abilities, which can have a positive impact on various aspects of cognitive function.

Potential Drawbacks of Strategy Games


Strategy games, despite their potential cognitive benefits, can also pose a risk of addiction. The immersive nature of these games, combined with the inherent reward system built into their design, can lead to compulsive play.

One of the factors contributing to addiction is the release of dopamine in the brain, which occurs in response to rewarding events or accomplishments within the game. This dopamine release can create a pleasurable sensation, encouraging the player to continue engaging with the game. Over time, this cycle can lead to a compulsion to play, even at the expense of other activities or responsibilities.

Moreover, the competitive and social aspects of strategy games can foster a sense of community and belonging among players. This sense of social connectedness can further reinforce the player’s desire to continue playing, potentially leading to an unhealthy reliance on the game.

It is essential to recognize and address addiction in the context of strategy games, as it can have negative consequences on various aspects of a player’s life. Strategies to prevent or mitigate addiction may include setting time limits, engaging in alternative hobbies, and seeking support from friends, family, or professionals.

Social Isolation

Strategy games have been shown to improve cognitive function and enhance problem-solving abilities. However, there are potential drawbacks to consider as well. One such drawback is the risk of social isolation.

While playing strategy games can be a fun and engaging activity, it can also lead to a decrease in social interaction. Players may spend long hours alone, staring at a screen, making decisions and solving problems. This lack of social interaction can have negative effects on mental health and well-being.

Furthermore, excessive screen time can also lead to eye strain, headaches, and neck pain, which can further contribute to feelings of isolation and discomfort. It is important for players to take breaks and engage in other activities to avoid these potential negative effects.

Overall, while strategy games can provide cognitive benefits, it is important to balance gameplay with social interaction and other activities to maintain overall well-being.


One potential drawback of strategy games is the possibility of promoting aggression in players. While many studies have shown that playing strategy games can improve cognitive function and problem-solving skills, there is some concern that these games may also increase aggressive behavior in some individuals.

Some researchers have found that playing violent video games can lead to increased aggression in players, particularly in those who are already prone to aggressive behavior. In some cases, this aggression can manifest as physical violence or other harmful behaviors.

However, it’s important to note that not all strategy games are violent, and not all players who play these games will exhibit aggressive behavior. In fact, many strategy games are designed to promote cooperation and teamwork, rather than aggression and competition.

Furthermore, it’s worth considering the role of individual differences in the relationship between strategy games and aggression. Some people may be more sensitive to the effects of violent media, while others may be less affected. Additionally, other factors such as a person’s upbringing, personality, and life experiences can also play a role in how they respond to playing strategy games.

Overall, while there is some evidence to suggest that playing strategy games may promote aggression in some individuals, it’s important to consider the specific game being played, the individual player, and other contextual factors when examining this relationship.

The Impact of Strategy Games on Real-Life Skills

Military Applications

Enhancing Decision-Making Skills

One of the key areas in which strategy games have been found to have a significant impact is in enhancing decision-making skills. Military personnel, in particular, can benefit from the cognitive training provided by these games. By simulating real-world scenarios, strategy games allow soldiers to make critical decisions in high-pressure situations, which can be applied to their actual military operations.

Improving Multitasking Abilities

Strategy games also offer a unique opportunity to improve multitasking abilities. Modern warfare often requires soldiers to juggle multiple tasks simultaneously, such as managing resources, communicating with team members, and tracking enemy movements. By practicing these skills in a virtual environment, soldiers can enhance their ability to multitask in real-life situations, leading to improved performance and effectiveness on the battlefield.

Developing Situational Awareness

Another critical skill that can be honed through strategy games is situational awareness. This ability involves monitoring and assessing one’s environment, identifying potential threats, and making informed decisions based on the available information. Strategy games challenge players to remain attentive to multiple factors simultaneously, such as unit positions, resource allocation, and enemy movements. By training in these areas, military personnel can develop a heightened sense of situational awareness that translates to improved decision-making and reaction times in actual combat situations.

Enhancing Teamwork and Collaboration

Strategy games often require players to work together and coordinate their actions to achieve a common goal. This collaborative aspect of these games can have significant benefits for military personnel, as it promotes teamwork and communication. By practicing strategic planning, delegation of tasks, and effective communication in a virtual environment, soldiers can improve their ability to work together as a cohesive unit, ultimately enhancing their performance on the battlefield.

Boosting Creativity and Adaptability

Finally, strategy games can help to foster creativity and adaptability in military personnel. By exposing players to a wide range of challenges and scenarios, these games encourage experimentation and out-of-the-box thinking. This can be particularly valuable in unpredictable and rapidly changing combat situations, where adaptability and quick thinking can be the difference between success and failure. By embracing a mindset of continuous learning and adaptation, soldiers can become more effective problem-solvers and better equipped to handle the complexities of modern warfare.

Business and Leadership

Research has shown that playing strategy games can have a positive impact on real-life skills, particularly in the areas of business and leadership. By honing cognitive abilities such as decision-making, problem-solving, and planning, strategy games can provide valuable training for individuals seeking to excel in these fields.


One of the key skills that strategy games can improve is decision-making. In business and leadership, making effective decisions is crucial for success. Strategy games require players to constantly evaluate and assess their options, weighing the potential consequences of each choice. This type of thinking can help individuals develop their decision-making abilities in real-life situations, enabling them to make more informed and effective choices.

Another skill that strategy games can enhance is problem-solving. In business and leadership, it is often necessary to identify and solve complex problems in order to achieve success. Strategy games require players to think critically and creatively in order to overcome challenges, which can help individuals develop their problem-solving abilities in real-life situations.


Finally, strategy games can also improve planning skills. In business and leadership, effective planning is essential for achieving long-term success. Strategy games require players to think ahead and anticipate potential challenges, which can help individuals develop their planning skills in real-life situations.

Overall, playing strategy games can provide valuable training for individuals seeking to excel in business and leadership. By honing cognitive abilities such as decision-making, problem-solving, and planning, strategy games can help individuals develop the skills necessary to succeed in these fields.

Education and Learning

It has been suggested that strategy games can improve cognitive abilities, including those that are relevant to education and learning. This section will explore the ways in which strategy games may enhance these skills and the potential implications for educational settings.

Strategy games often require players to solve complex problems and make decisions under pressure. These experiences can improve problem-solving skills, which are essential for academic success. Research has shown that strategy game players exhibit greater flexibility in their problem-solving strategies and are more likely to consider multiple solutions to a problem.

Planning and Organization

Strategy games also provide opportunities for players to practice planning and organization. Players must carefully consider their moves and anticipate their opponents’ responses in order to achieve their goals. These skills can translate to real-life situations, such as planning a project or organizing a study schedule.

In addition to problem-solving and planning, strategy games can also improve decision-making skills. Players must weigh the potential outcomes of their actions and make decisions based on incomplete information. This process can enhance cognitive flexibility and the ability to consider multiple perspectives.


Finally, strategy games may also improve metacognition, or the ability to reflect on one’s own thinking and learning processes. By playing strategy games, players can develop a better understanding of their own strengths and weaknesses, as well as the strategies that are most effective for them. This increased self-awareness can lead to improved learning outcomes and better academic performance.

Overall, the skills and experiences gained from playing strategy games may have significant implications for education and learning. As such, these games may be a valuable tool for enhancing cognitive abilities and improving academic performance.

Tips for Optimal Brain Benefits from Strategy Games

Choosing the Right Games

Selecting the right strategy games is crucial for reaping the cognitive benefits they offer. When choosing a game, consider the following factors:

  1. Genre: Different genres of strategy games target different cognitive skills. For instance, real-time strategy (RTS) games, like StarCraft or Warcraft III, emphasize multitasking, resource management, and decision-making under time pressure. On the other hand, turn-based strategy (TBS) games, like Civilization or XCOM, focus on planning, forecasting, and risk assessment. Consider your preferences and goals when selecting a game.
  2. Difficulty Level: The right difficulty level is important for maximizing brain benefits. Too easy a game may not challenge your brain enough, while a game that’s too difficult may cause frustration and hinder learning. Choose a game that offers a challenging but manageable experience, allowing you to gradually improve your skills.
  3. Complexity: Complex strategy games, like Hearts of Iron IV or Europa Universalis IV, require extensive planning, organization, and strategic thinking. These games can provide a more comprehensive workout for your brain, but they may also have a steeper learning curve. Beginners may find it easier to start with simpler games and gradually progress to more complex ones.
  4. Interface and Controls: A user-friendly interface and intuitive controls can greatly enhance the gaming experience. Choose a game with a well-designed interface that allows for smooth navigation and minimal distractions. This will help you focus on the strategic elements of the game and minimize frustration.
  5. Social Interaction: Some strategy games offer multiplayer modes, which can provide additional cognitive benefits through competition and cooperation. Games like Dota 2 or League of Legends require communication, teamwork, and adaptability, further enhancing the strategic aspects of gameplay. If you enjoy gaming with others, consider selecting a game with a strong multiplayer community.

By carefully selecting the right strategy game, you can optimize your cognitive benefits and enjoy a rewarding gaming experience.

Moderation and Balance

It is important to strike a balance when it comes to playing strategy games and engaging in other cognitive activities. Overindulging in strategy games may lead to negative effects on cognitive function, such as increased stress and decreased attention span. Therefore, it is recommended to limit the amount of time spent playing strategy games and to incorporate a variety of cognitive activities into one’s daily routine.

Additionally, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle to optimize the benefits of playing strategy games. This includes getting enough sleep, exercising regularly, and maintaining a balanced diet. A well-rounded lifestyle can help enhance cognitive function and improve overall brain health.

Furthermore, it is crucial to choose the right type of strategy game to play. Some games may be more beneficial than others in terms of improving cognitive function. For example, games that require problem-solving and decision-making skills, such as real-time strategy games, have been shown to be particularly effective in enhancing cognitive abilities.

Overall, moderation and balance are key factors to consider when exploring the potential benefits of strategy games for brain function. By playing games in moderation, incorporating a variety of cognitive activities, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, individuals can maximize the positive effects of strategy games on cognitive function.

Staying Engaged and Challenged

In order to maximize the cognitive benefits of playing strategy games, it is essential to remain engaged and challenged. This means playing games that are appropriate for your skill level and continuing to push yourself to improve. Here are some tips for staying engaged and challenged while playing strategy games:

  1. Choose games that match your skill level: It’s important to choose games that are challenging but not frustratingly difficult. If a game is too easy, you won’t get the same cognitive benefits. On the other hand, if a game is too difficult, you may become frustrated and lose interest.
  2. Play games that offer varying levels of difficulty: Some games offer different difficulty levels or game modes that can be adjusted as you become more proficient. This is a great way to continue to challenge yourself and stay engaged.
  3. Try new games: Playing the same game over and over again can become monotonous, so it’s important to try new games that offer different challenges and gameplay mechanics. This will help keep you engaged and prevent boredom.
  4. Join online communities or multiplayer games: Playing games with others can be a great way to stay engaged and challenged. Online communities and multiplayer games offer the opportunity to compete against other players and learn from their strategies.
  5. Set goals and track progress: Setting goals for yourself and tracking your progress can help you stay motivated and challenged. Whether it’s beating your personal best score or reaching a certain level, setting goals can help you stay engaged and focused on improving your skills.

By following these tips, you can continue to challenge yourself and stay engaged while playing strategy games, maximizing the cognitive benefits they offer.

Future Research Directions

As research into the cognitive benefits of strategy games continues to expand, there are several promising areas for future investigation. Some potential avenues for future research include:

Examining Long-Term Effects

One area that has yet to be fully explored is the long-term effects of strategy game play on cognitive function. While some studies have shown short-term improvements in areas such as spatial reasoning and working memory, it remains unclear whether these benefits persist over time. Future research could aim to track the cognitive development of strategy game players over a longer period, in order to better understand the potential long-term effects of this type of gaming.

Investigating Individual Differences

Another promising area for future research is the investigation of individual differences in cognitive response to strategy games. While some studies have found that strategy game play can benefit a wide range of players, it is possible that certain individuals may be more or less responsive to these types of games. Future research could aim to identify factors that may influence individual differences in cognitive response, such as prior experience with video games, personality traits, or cognitive abilities.

Exploring Different Genres of Strategy Games

Finally, future research could aim to explore the potential cognitive benefits of different genres of strategy games. While much of the current research has focused on real-time strategy games, there are many other types of strategy games that could potentially offer cognitive benefits. For example, turn-based strategy games, simulation games, or even puzzle games could all be investigated as potential tools for improving cognitive function. Future research could aim to compare the cognitive benefits of different types of strategy games, in order to better understand the underlying mechanisms that drive these benefits.


1. What are strategy games?

Strategy games are a type of video game that require players to make decisions and plan their actions in order to achieve a specific goal. These games often involve resource management, decision-making, and problem-solving.

2. How do strategy games affect the brain?

Studies have shown that playing strategy games can improve certain cognitive skills, such as spatial reasoning, working memory, and decision-making. These games may also help to improve problem-solving abilities and increase the ability to think critically.

3. Are strategy games effective at improving brain function?

Research has shown that playing strategy games can lead to improvements in certain cognitive skills, but the extent to which these games improve brain function may vary depending on the individual. Additionally, more research is needed to fully understand the potential benefits of playing strategy games for brain health.

4. Are there any risks associated with playing strategy games?

While playing strategy games may have some potential benefits for brain function, there are also some risks associated with excessive gaming. These risks may include negative effects on sleep, social interactions, and physical activity. It is important to moderate gaming habits and balance gaming with other activities.

5. Can strategy games be used as a tool for cognitive training?

Some research suggests that strategy games may be effective at improving certain cognitive skills, and some games have been designed specifically for cognitive training. However, more research is needed to fully understand the potential of strategy games as a tool for cognitive training, and they should not be considered a replacement for other forms of cognitive training or therapy.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *